A bunion is a swelling of the joint at the base of your big toe, which happens when the big toe bends and pushes against the other toes. This forces the big toe away from the foot, and enlarges the joint over time. It also crowds the other toes and causes pain. Signs that you may have a bunion include:
- Bulging bump
- Thick skin
- Lack of normal range of motion of big toe
Bunions are a common problem that is much more prevalent in women than men. This is due to the fact that high-heeled shoes, and pointed toe shoes are a big contributor this condition. Flat feet, tightness of the Achilles tendon, congenital deformities, or arthritis are also common contributors to this condition. Bunions are diagnosed through physical examination and x-rays. Conservative treatment consists of wearing better fitting shoes, padded cushions, orthotics, or taking medication.
If conservative measure doesn’t work for you, your doctor may indicate you for, what’s known as a bunionectomy. This type of procedure generally involves an incision in the top or side of the big toe joint and the removal or repositioning of soft tissue and bone. The procedure is performed to help alleviate pain and restore normal alignment of the bone.
Physical therapy can help in the recovery from a bunionectomy, to gain more range of motion and more functional outcomes. The standard protocol can include: elevation of the leg, lymphatic drainage, cryotherapy (ice), manual therapy, soft tissue techniques, proprioceptive training for the lower leg, strengthening exercises and gait training are progressively added.
We treat bunions and bunionectomies in the Clermont 34711 area!