A deformity of typically the 2nd, 3rd, or 4th toe The toe is bent at the center joint creating a look similar to that of a hammer!
With Hammertoe, the metatarsophalangeal joint (the first joint in the toe) goes upwards instead of straight, then the proximal interphalangeal joint (second joint in toe) goes downward. Constriction usually is the main causative factor such as tight shoes or high heels. People with bunions may also be at higher risk of having hammertoe. This constriction promotes muscle imbalances, and may increase your risk of falls and further injury.
Physical therapy will teach stretching and strengthening exercises to reduce muscle imbalances. Education will be given regarding proper footwear and possible orthotic usage for optimal foot positioning within shoe. Splinting in the early stages may help reduce deformity and help re-align the toe to avoid potential surgery.
For more information please contact our staff at Hohman Rehab 855- 404 6908