Pes Planus is the medical term for the condition more commonly known as “flat feet.” The term is derived from the Latin root words pes meaning “foot” and planus meaning “plain or level ground.” Pes Planus is a common foot condition that is characterized by a low-sitting arch on the inner side of the foot.
Pes planus is a natural occurrence in infants and toddlers because the tendons and ligaments that support the foot have not fully developed. As the child grows older these structures tighten and provide your foot with the structure and stability needed to support the weight of the body. When these changes do not occur and the flat feet persist into adulthood the condition is called congenital pes planus and typically affects both feet. Flat feet can also be the result of trauma, illness, or the aging process and in this case it is referred to as acquired pes planus.
Common symptoms of pes planus include pain under the arch and or inside of the heel primarily during prolonged standing and walking. Due to the loss of the normal arch, the foot is not able to effectively disperse the weight of your body, which leads to an increase in compressive forces resulting in pain. If left untreated, these changes in your foot’s structure may lead to ankle, knee, and hip disorders.
Conservative treatments for pes planus can include stretching and strengthening of muscles in your feet and legs as well as exercises to alter your posture and walking mechanics. Other treatments include the use of foot orthotics, or shoe inserts, which help support and in some cases correct the collapsed arch of the foot.
If you believe that you suffer from this condition, it is recommended that you talk with your physical therapist or physician to determine what types of treatment methods are appropriate for your needs. We treat patients in the Clermont 34711 area for flat feet and ways to improve any issues because of it!